Agriculture

Agriculture Food security and its relationship to sustainable agricultural and rural development have increasingly become matters of concern for developing countries/communities and for the international community. While there are many complex factors that influence sustainable development and food security, it is clear that education in agriculture plays an important role in preparing farmers, researchers, educators, extension staff, members of agri-businesses and others to make productive contributions. A critical issue in the 21st century will be the changes and adaptations required in agricultural education in order for it to more effectively contribute to improved food security, sustainable agricultural production and rural development.

"Poor training of agricultural extension staff/farmers as well as peasants/communities has been identified as part of the problem of the relative ineffectiveness of much of extension in the field." This applies not only to extension staff, but to agricultural professionals in general. Unfortunately, the training of human resources in agriculture is often not a high priority in the development plans of our country. As a result, curricula and teaching programmes are not particularly relevant to the production needs and employment demands of the agricultural sector.

The situation has become more serious in recent years due to the economic crises in the public sector in our country. In the past, the public sector absorbed nearly all agriculture graduates. This is no longer the case, and agriculture graduates are finding it increasingly difficult to find employment. Governments can no longer afford to hire every graduate, and education in agriculture has not kept up with the increasingly sophisticated labor demands of the private sector. These and other factors, such as environmental degradation, rapid changes in technical knowledge and the increasing marginalisation of rural areas, all call for changes in the current systems of education in agriculture in many developing countries.

The above problems has resulted in climatic changes in many parts of the country due to poor agricultural practices that are a threat to the environment. eg landslides, soil erosion, soil has become infertile and the most affected are rural areas and more so women are the most hit. Therefore, one village Uganda organization has come up to increase awareness and further trainings on soil fertility and conservation in order to check climate threats that alarming as well as food security in rural families.